Brown butter adds nutty, toasty flavor
Butter has to be one of the hardest-working ingredients in the Western larder. It makes cakes tender and sauces silken. It's a splendid spread all by itself. It's a reliable fat for pan-frying foods that cook quickly. But heat it too long, and its milk proteins and salts will start to burn.
Some call that brown butter. I call it black magic.
Plain butter -- well, that's Doris Day on a warm, sunny afternoon. But cooking with brown butter is like listening to Billie Holiday; it adds depth, flavor, mystery and just a shade of burn.
I have been using brown-butter variations to sauce fish and vegetables for years. A hazelnutty brown-butter sauce -- beurre noisette in French -- goes very well with soft-shell crabs, skate wings, clams and all manner of delicate white fish.
Ditto asparagus, green beans, cauliflower, squash and mushrooms. In just a few minutes, brown butter will turn a plain pasta or chicken dish into something elegant, something luxurious.
Not long ago, I began to discover the pleasure of brown-butter baking. First, a simple pound cake. Then a little experimenting with brown butter in other cakes. Soon, I started to notice brown butter in all kinds of dessert recipes.
"Brown butter is pretty much like butter plus, butter as an overachiever," says pastry chef Cynthia Wong. "Just the simple act of cooking it until it browns brings out all these wonderful toasted nut and caramel flavors, and even a bit of a savory edge. It adds a depth of flavor I liken to getting a really beautiful crust on a grilled steak."
Wong turned me on to her rich, dense cake of brown butter, apples and toasted pecans. She says her husband calls it "hiking cake," because you could survive on it for days -- should you lose your way in the forest. It calls for steeping a vanilla bean in hot brown butter and yields a batter that is worth eating like ice cream.
Easy Linguine with Scallops and Brown Butter
Pasta stirred with brown butter and sprinkled with bread crumbs is a comforting, homespun dish that can be made in minutes. Add scallops and you have a dish fit for company. You can prepare this in the time it takes to boil pasta. Make it a vegetarian entrée by substituting blanched vegetables (such as asparagus or cauliflower) for the scallops. Some people have trouble telling when a fat sea scallop is done; quartering them makes the job easy. Serves 4. Prep time, 10 minutes. Total time, 10 minutes.
16 ounces linguine (may use spaghetti, angel hair, fettuccine or other pasta of your choice)
6 tablespoons butter
12 large sea scallops (about 1 pound), chopped into quarters
1 1/2 tablespoons minced garlic
2 teaspoons freshly squeezed lemon juice
1 cup toasted breadcrumbs (preferably homemade), plus more for garnish
2/3 cup chopped parsley
Kosher salt or sea salt
Freshly cracked black pepper
BOIL pasta in a large pot of salted water over medium-high heat until al dente, about 8 minutes. Drain and set aside in a large bowl.
MELT butter, while pasta is boiling, in a cast-iron skillet over medium-low heat. Cook the butter, stirring regularly, until the solids are just beginning to turn brown, about 3 minutes. Spoon about 1 teaspoon butter over the breadcrumbs and toss to coat. Add the scallops and cook until they are just cooked through, about 1 minute.
REMOVE from heat and stir in garlic and lemon juice. Dump the scallops and brown-butter sauce over the pasta. Add breadcrumbs and parsley, and toss to combine. Season with salt and pepper. Divide into four large serving bowls and garnish with breadcrumbs.
Nutrition information: Per serving: 789 calories (25 percent from fat), 37 grams protein, 109 grams carbohydrates, 4 grams fiber, 21 grams fat (11 grams saturated), 84 milligrams cholesterol, 635 milligrams sodium.
Linton Hopkins' Brown-Butter Creamed Winter Greens
Adapted from "The Southern Foodways Alliance Community Cookbook" (UGA Press, $24.95). Serves 6-8. Prep time, 40 minutes. Total time, 40 minutes.
For the Béchamel sauce:
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
2 cups whole milk
2 tablespoons minced shallot
1 small bay leaf
6 black peppercorns
For the greens:
6 ounces slab bacon, rind trimmed
4 tablespoons unsalted butter
1 cup finely chopped onion
3 1/2 pounds baby winter greens (such as collards, mustard greens or kale), stemmed and coarsely chopped
1/2 cup heavy cream
2 garlic cloves, minced
1/2 teaspoon dried hot red pepper flakes
3/4 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper
1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar, or to taste
To make the béchamel sauce:
MELT the butter in a heavy medium saucepan over medium heat. Whisk in the flour and cook, whisking constantly, for 1 minute. Slowly whisk in the milk. Add the shallot, bay leaf and peppercorns. Raise the heat to medium-high and bring to a boil, whisking constantly. Reduce the heat to medium and cook, whisking constantly, until the sauce thickens enough to coat the back of a spoon, about 5 minutes. Strain the sauce through a fine sieve into a bowl. Press parchment paper or plastic wrap directly onto the surface of the sauce and set aside.
To make the greens:
CUT the bacon into 1/4-inch slices. Cut the slices into 1/4-inch-wide sticks. (Note: If you can't find slab bacon, use the thickest bacon you can find. End pieces cut into chunks work well.) Cook bacon in a Dutch oven or heavy pot over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until golden brown but not crisp, about 8 minutes. Transfer the bacon to paper towels to drain; then pour off the fat from the pot and wipe it clean.
HEAT the butter in the pot over medium-low heat until brown and fragrant, about 2-3 minutes. Add the onion and cook, stirring constantly, until softened, about 5 minutes. Increase the heat to medium-high and stir in the greens one handful at a time, letting each handful wilt before adding the next. Stir in the béchamel sauce, cream, garlic, pepper flakes, salt and pepper. Cook, stirring, until the greens are tender and coated with sauce, about 10 minutes. Stir in the bacon and vinegar. Season with salt and pepper and serve hot.
Nutrition information: Per serving, based on 6: 487 calories (65 percent from fat), 19 grams protein, 25 grams carbohydrates, 10 grams fiber, 37 grams fat (18 grams saturated), 93 milligrams cholesterol, 822 milligrams sodium.
Cynthia Wong's Brown-Butter Hiking Cake with Apples and Pecans
You could leave off the glaze and still have a very handsome and delicious sweet. Pears may be substituted for the apples. Serves 10-12. Prep time, 40 minutes. Total time 2 hours 40 minutes (includes 1 hour cooling time).
3 cups unbleached all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon kosher salt
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
12 ounces butter, cubed
1 vanilla bean
2 cups granulated sugar
2 cups peeled and thinly sliced apples
1 cup chopped toasted pecans, divided
1 cup sifted powdered sugar
2 tablespoons milk
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
HEAT oven to 350°.
GENEROUSLY spray a tube pan with nonstick cooking spray. Set aside.
SIFT together the flour, baking soda, kosher salt and cinnamon. Set aside.
PLACE the butter in a cast-iron skillet or shallow, heavy-bottomed pot. Split the vanilla bean and scrape the seeds out. Place the seeds and bean in the skillet with the butter. Melt over medium-low heat, stirring occasionally, until browned and fragrant, about 5-8 minutes. Pour into a large mixing bowl and set aside to cool for 15 minutes at room temperature.
PICK the vanilla bean out of the butter. Whisk in the sugar, followed by the eggs. Using a stiff wooden spoon or rubber spatula, fold in the flour mixture. The batter will be thick and stiff. Fold in the apples and 1/2 cup of the toasted pecans.
SCRAPE the batter into the tube pan and bake for 50 minutes, or until a wooden skewer inserted close to the tube opening of the pan comes out clean.
LET the cake rest in the pan for 30 minutes. Then turn it out onto a cooling rack and let cool completely.
WHISK the powdered sugar, milk and vanilla extract together until smooth. When the cake is cool, drizzle the cake with the glaze and sprinkle with the remaining 1/2 cup pecans.
Nutrition information: Per serving, based on 10: 623 calories (42 percent from fat), 6 grams protein, 85 grams carbohydrates, 2 grams fiber, 30 grams fat (18 grams saturated), 138 milligrams cholesterol, 619 milligrams sodium.