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This is the latest in an occasional series focusing on the issues,


records and platforms of the state's candidates for governor.


Today's installment focuses on education.



There he was, the governor of West Virginia, standing behind the


lectern inside the Harts High School gymnasium, doling out grant


money for a new kitchen in the senior center, and he got to talking about


that one-room schoolhouse in Tyler County.



Underwood always talks about the one-room schoolhouse. He has a model


of the schoolhouse in the governor's reception room at the state Capitol.


The one-room schoolhouse he attended as a boy. The one-room schoolhouse


where he worked as a janitor for three years.



And then - and this is where everyone in the packed Lincoln County


gymnasium started to listen - he started talking about technology, wiring


  • chools, distance learning, classes transmitted by satellite and - what's

    this? - about keeping Lincoln County's four high schools open, about


  • aving Lincoln County schools from consolidation.


    This from the Republican governor who never spoke against a single


  • chool closing since he took office in January 1997.


    "We need to look at putting together a network to provide services and


    eliminate the need for consolidation," Underwood said.



    And like that, the people were on their feet. They were electrified.


    They were applauding, hooting and hollering. Before Underwood, every state


    and local education official had vowed to shut down the four high schools


    and build a new one.



    But the governor, he was on a roll now, he sensed it, and he was


    talking about using the Lincoln distance-learning project as a model for


    the rest of the state. The rest of the state.



    Say what?



    Underwood had just put the state's most contentious, most divisive


    education issue - consolidation - back on the campaign table.



    "This is absolutely amazing," said Beth Spence, co-director of


    Challenge West Virginia, an organization that

  • upports small schools.
  • "The


    ramifications could be unbelievable. It could change education policy. It


    could stop the freight train of closing down schools."



    - - -



    Congressman Bob Wise's camp was quick to respond to Underwood's


    proposal. They dismissed it as an 11th-hour campaign ploy, a cruel


    election ploy at that, one that would raise false hopes for Lincoln County


    parents and children. Everyone knows the schools are going to close.



    "After you do distance learning you're still going to have four


    crumbling structures," said Wise, the Democratic challenger. "He walked in


    and simply blew up that plan. It shows he's ignorant of the issue or just


    used bad judgment."



    Underwood hadn't talked about his proposal with state schools


    Superintendent David Stewart and Lincoln County Superintendent Bill





    Before they debated consolidation, Wise and Underwood discussed


  • chool safety hot lines and other initiatives, "Promise" and

    "need-based" college scholarships, raising teacher salaries, raising


  • tandards, raising "the bar." Underwood wants to put the Ten Commandments

    up in schools and supports voluntary school prayer. Wise does not.


    Neither candidate has come forward with an education plan, platform or


    position paper.



    But consolidation, closing schools, will tug, wake and stir the


    West Virginia electorate.



    The state's education establishment has dug its heels into the notion


    that "bigger is better." With a bigger school, you can offer more


    advanced courses, more technology, more foreign languages, more counselors


    and nurses.



    West Virginia's student population is shrinking - and fast. Young


    families are leaving the state in droves. Enrollment has declined faster


    than any state in the nation. Fewer students, fewer schools needed. End of


  • tory.


    But not everyone buys it. Research shows that disadvantaged kids do


    better in small schools. The bus rides are shorter. More students


    participate in extracurricular activities. The schools help to keep


    communities afloat.



    Before Underwood walked into that Harts High School gymnasium,


    it seemed Wise had the small school supporters on his side.



    It was something he said last year, something deep and personal that


    caught everyone's attention. Wise said he sometimes felt lost in high


  • chool. There were too many kids in the school.


    The comments came a few months after the Columbine tragedy when some


    elected officials, such as North Carolina Gov. Jim Hunt, started talking


    about small schools as a way to curb violence.



    Wise stated he didn't think a high school should house more than


    1,000 students, a middle school no more than 800, an elementary


  • chool no more than 500.


    You won't hear West Virginia education officials rattle off those


    limits - though for the most part West Virginia schools are small by


  • ational standards. The state's high schools, for instance, average 700

  • tudents. You won't find but a handful of "mega-schools" in the state.


    But Wise had given the anti-consolidation folks a glimmer of





    "Bob is in no rush to consolidate schools," said Mike Plante, a Wise


  • trategist. "He thinks it should be looked at on a case-by-case basis. He

  • upports the community-based school concept."


    - - -



    Bob Wise huddled with 70 Riverside High School students in the


  • chool library last week. There was a $3,000 check handed out by

    AT&T. The company had invited him to chat with students about





    Wise asked for a show of hands: How many planned to leave West





    The hands sprang up; he was surrounded by hands, a sea of hands.


    Everyone, it appeared, had raised a hand.



    This frustrates Wise. He says this is what the campaign is about:


    keeping West Virginia kids at home.



    Wise left the state himself after graduating from George Washington


    High School in Charleston. He lived in New Orleans and North


    Carolina. He returned to West Virginia 10 years later.



    "West Virginia is changing," Wise said. "We need you on the ground


    floor to make that change."



    And then he made a pitch. "In West Virginia a person can move farther


    and faster," he said. "I've never seen a place where a person can move


    ahead as fast."



    Wise fielded questions from the students. Most wanted to know his


    position on student dress codes. (He supports them. Students oppose them.)





    Joey Connard, Riverside's student council president, asked about Wise's


    position on school size.



    Riverside has 1,300 students. Some feel that's too many. Not Connard.


    He wanted the congressman's opinion.



    "How do you feel about big schools?" Connard asked. "Are you in favor


    of a big school like Riverside?"



    "I happen to believe education needs to be small," Wise responded. "But


    that doesn't mean it cannot happen in a large school. You have to


    make sure students don't feel isolated."



    Another student jumped up and said many Riverside students feel left


    out because they don't participate in extracurricular activities.



    "There is a need for all of us to be engaged with one another," Wise


  • odded.


    - - -



    Mountain Party gubernatorial candidate Denise Giardina and Libertarian


    Bob Myers also want to stop the outflow of students from West Virginia.



    And they believe education can play a role.



    First Giardina: Giardina was talking about consolidation months


    before Underwood showed up in the Harts High gymnasium.



    Giardina supports small schools - no more than 350 students in an


    elementary school.



    She thinks schoolchildren spend too much time on buses, not enough in


    band and chorus.



    She calls the state School Building Authority, which allocates


    money for school construction, the "School Bullying


    Authority." She says the authority forces consolidation on


    communities, using policies that favor "massive educational factories."



    She worries about the dozens of elementary schools across the state


    that may close in the next 10 years.



    "You take the heart and soul out of the community and you waste


    resources," said Giardina, a novelist.



    Giardina also supports a curriculum rooted in community.



    Educators call it "place-based learning" or "experiential learning." A


    social studies class interviews seniors about a town's hi

  • tory.
  • A science


    class tests the water in a local stream. An economics class organizes a


    meeting of local business leaders.



    "If you want to learn about plants," Giardina said, "you go out in the


    community and explore plants."



    Bob Myers, former president of the state Board of Education, also


  • upports small schools.


    "Consolidation is more of a public works project than an


    education project," Myers said.



    Myers wants to abolish the state Department of Education and


    School Building Authority.



    He wants to "shatter the education monopoly" (West Virginia has one of


    the most centralized education systems in the nation) and establish


    independent school districts across the state.



    In Lincoln County, for instance, he'd encourage Harts High


    School residents to set up their own school board, which, he


    asserts, the state constitution allows.



    "There are only two elements in our society we institutionalize," Myers


  • aid. "One is the prisoners. The other is students."


    - - -



    Bob Wise had just finished his clogging routine for Riverside students


    - "Anyone have a zither or banjo?" and Connard and Arpan Kohli talked


    about their efforts to unite their classmates. Many attended the former


    East Bank and DuPont high schools.



    They rattled off all the activities at the school - civil rights


    club, Spanish club, foreign language club, and the "best football team in


    the state." Connard plays wide receiver.



    "But some people you can't help," Kohli said. "They just don't want to


    get involved."



    "We've got a great group," Connard said. "Everybody still loves





    And then they watched Wise, the AT&T folks and the television


    reporters squeeze out the library doors into a mist of cold rain.



    "You know, Governor Underwood came here last year," Kohli said. "He


    gave us some money, too."



    To contact staff writer Eric Eyre, use e-mail or call 348-5194.




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