www.wvgazettemail.com http://www.wvgazettemail.com Gazette archive feed en-us Copyright 2016, Charleston Newspapers, Charleston, WV Newspapers Funerals for: December 05, 2016 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT01/312059985 OBIT01 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT01/312059985 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Abbott, Cleo 1 p.m., Curry Funeral Home, Alum Creek.

Blake, John 11 a.m, Allen Funeral Home, Hurricane.

Cole, Geneva 1:30 p.m., Hafer Funeral Home, Elkview.

Crawford, Bernard 11 a.m., Wilcoxen Funeral Home, Point Pleasant.

Harlow, William Noon, Leonard Johnson Funeral Home, Marmet.

Hinzman, William 11 a.m., Waybright Funeral Home, Ripley.

Hoffer, Patty 1 p.m., Roush Funeral Home, Ravenswood.

Hudson, Marcia 11 a.m., Deal Funeral Home, Point Pleasant.

Kennedy, Mary 11 a.m., Ascension Catholic Church, Hurricane.

Layne, Arley 1 p.m., Mt. Pisgah Baptist Church, Stumptown.

Moore, Kamdon 7 p.m., Matics Funeral Home, Clendenin.

Rhodes, Shirley 1 p.m., Greene

Snouffer, Jane 1 p.m., Waybright Funeral Home, Ripley.

Sutton, Edward Noon, Kimble Funeral Home, Marlinton.

Thomas, Tricia 6 p.m., Snodgrass Funeral Home, South Charleston.

William Bartlett, Sr. http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059990 OBIT http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059990 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 William Donald Bartlett, Sr., 92, of Ravenswood, died Saturday, December 3, 2016. Visitation will be 5 to 7 p.m., Monday, December 5, at Roush Funeral Home, Ravenswood, with a celebration of Bill's life at 7 p.m. Military graveside service will be 11 a.m., Tuesday, December 6, at Shinnston Memorial Cemetery, Shinnston.

Anna Boyd http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059994 OBIT http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059994 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Anna Faye Boyd, 68, of Chelyan, passed away December 2, 2016, at CAMC Memorial Division following a short illness.

She was a retired Eastern Seaboard Dispatcher for United Parcel Service (UPS) and a lifelong resident of Kanawha County.

Preceding her in death were her parents, Bernard N. and Stella Maye Hanshaw Mullins.

Surviving are her husband, Jesse Boyd; son and daughter-in-law, Russell and Kristine Boyd of Chelyan; sister and brother-in-law, Wanda and George Gregg of Greenville, Texas; and grandchildren, Cameron Boyd and Logan Boyd.

In keeping with Anna Faye's wishes, her body will be cremated and there will be no other services.

Fidler and Frame Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. To send the family online condolences or sign the guest book, please visit our website at fidlerandframefuneralhome.com.

David Click http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059993 OBIT http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059993 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 David Elmer Click, 50, of Leon, passed away November 30, 2016. In keeping with David's wishes, there will be no public services. Casto Funeral Home is serving the Click family.

Nora Davis http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059998 OBIT http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059998 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Nora J. Davis, age 101, of Loudendale, passed away Saturday December 3, 2016. The family will hold a celebration of her life at the Loudendale Church of the Nazarene at a later date.

(No heading) http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0408/161209786 DM0408 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0408/161209786 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500

Daily Mail editorial: Donald Trump won US popular vote; Clinton won California http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0402/161209787 DM0402 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0402/161209787 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Tired of hearing from - or being one of - the "But Hillary won the popular vote" enthusiasts? One local pundit explains it well. Clinton didn't win the U.S. popular vote. She only won California. Here's the reasoning:

According to the California Secretary of State, Californians cast 8,167,349 votes for Clinton and 4,238,545 for Trump: a margin of nearly 4 million, favoring Clinton.

As many have followed in the news, the latest popular vote count in all states combined has Clinton with 2,017,563 votes - slightly more than 2 million votes.

Since Clinton beat Trump in California by 4 million votes, but beat him by only 2 million throughout the entire country; one can infer that Trump won the popular vote in the U.S. while Clinton won California.

Perhaps that is precisely the reason the framers of the U.S. Constitution implemented the Electoral College: it keeps voters from one or more populous states from overpowering people in every other state.

Remember, the federal government is a creation of the states, not the other way around. Smart people, those framers.

Daily Mail editorial: Good news, bad news with gasoline tax decrease http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0402/161209788 DM0402 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0402/161209788 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Everyone likes paying less in taxes, so in that vein, the news that the state motor fuel tax will drop by 1 cent Jan. 1 is good, bringing savings to drivers across West Virginia.

The bad news is the reduction will hit an already underfunded state highway system that can't keep up with maintenance and repair of bridges and roadways as it is.

The change is triggered by an annual recalculation of the average wholesale gas price by the state tax department, reported Brad McElhinny of WVMetronews last week.

The motor fuel tax has two components: a flat 20.5-cent tax on each gallon sold and a variable tax of 5 percent based on the average wholesale price of motor fuel.

State law requires the tax commissioner to recalculate the average wholesale price of fuel each year. This year, that was calculated at $2.340 a gallon, making the coming year's gas tax a rate of 32.2 cents a gallon, about 1 cent lower than in 2016. The rate has fallen each of the last three years as oil and gasoline prices drop globally.

According to McElhinny's report, the tax department estimates the average West Virginia driver - someone driving 20,000 miles with fuel efficiency of 25 miles per gallon - will save about $28 a year compared to the rate three years ago. And while state drivers may enjoy those savings at the pump, they might mean higher costs for wear and tear on their vehicle due to poorly maintained roads.

That small savings per individual driver translates into a reduction in the road fund budget of $12.5 million.

"You have fewer dollars coming into the state road fund because of the pumps, and you add that to the fuel efficiency because they're not having to fill up as much, so it's a double whammy," said Brent Walker, spokesman for the highways department. "Not only are you paying less, but you're not filling up as much."

While $12.5 million is but a small part of the state's $1.1 billion road budget, most of which comes from federal funds, it will still impact the state's ability to maintain roads.

For example, resurfacing county highways costs about $100,000 per mile, Metronews reported, which would equate to roughly 125 fewer miles of resurfaced county highways.

West Virginia already needs another $500 million in revenue to fund existing and future road and bridge projects, according to a 2015 study by the Contractors Association of West Virginia.

And the 2013 Governor's Blue Ribbon Commission on Highways found the state needs more than $1 billion each year to maintain the current transportation system and to continue work or build new, much-needed projects across the state.

Those estimates may be somewhat inflated, considering the groups doing the estimating have a vested interest in the work to be done, but there is no argument that well-maintained roads and bridges, along with the lighting and signage that go with them, are crucial for safety and economic development. While West Virginia has many revenue challenges, the highways system has a unique ability to pay for itself through motor fuel taxes, vehicle fees and tolls on roads, where possible.

In the 2017 legislative session, lawmakers and the new governor need to work creatively and smartly to keep West Virginia's taxes and fees at competitive levels, while also bringing in much needed revenue to maintain the roads.

Robert J. Samuelson: Trump's risky nationalism (Daily Mail) http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0405/161209789 DM0405 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0405/161209789 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500

"For the first time since the end of the Second World War, the future relationship of America to the world is not fully settled."

- Henry Kissinger, in an interview with The Atlantic in its December issue

WASHINGTON - Donald Trump is an avowed economic nationalist.

He promises to put American interests "first" in fashioning trade policy and negotiations. If he fulfills these pledges - and the evidence so far suggests he will - he will redefine America's global role in a fundamentally deceptive and destructive way.

There is a real issue here. It transcends Trump's headline-grabbing success last week in pushing Carrier, a maker of air conditioners, to reverse its decision to move roughly a thousand jobs to Mexico.

History matters. Ever since World War II, with some lapses, American leaders have embraced the notion that trade could foster prosperity and promote democratic societies.

Trade was not just about economics; it was also about geopolitics. Disillusioned with the isolationism that followed World War I, Americans turned internationalist after World War II. The emphasis on trade was not simply to bolster prosperity; it also aimed to bind nations together so they would compete commercially and not resort to war.

By and large, the strategy succeeded. Shielded by massive numbers of U.S. troops, Western Europe and Japan staged strong economic recoveries that strengthened their wobbly democracies. So what we got for championing open trade - aside from the usual benefits of more consumer choice and greater economic efficiency - was a more stable postwar world.

Fine, say critics. But this pro-trade foreign policy subordinated America's economic interests - the well-being of its workers and companies - to fuzzier geopolitical goals.

World War II ended seven decades ago. Surely a few decades of aiding our competitors was sufficient, especially when U.S. companies were so dominant during those years. Now the pro-trade bias hurts U.S. firms and produces chronic American trade deficits.

Without citing the history, Trump buys into this critique. His stump speeches regularly denounced imports as destroying American jobs and creating trade deficits. For these sins, he blamed inept U.S. trade negotiators who gave away too much in access to the U.S. market and received too little in return.

Could he be right? Stripped of rhetorical excesses, this narrative sounds reasonable enough. But there are gaping omissions.

For starters, it vastly exaggerates the role of trade in destroying U.S. jobs. Of course, many American factories have shut, and their production has moved abroad (Mexico, China) or been replaced by the imports from foreign competitors.

But these losses don't explain the steep declines in manufacturing jobs, which dropped a third since 1990 (from almost 18 million to 12 million in 2015), even though factory output - of planes, earth-moving equipment, pharmaceuticals, computer chips - nearly doubled over the same years. Automation is the main cause.

The often-overlooked truth is that the U.S. economy, despite much rhetoric to the contrary, is less globalized than virtually all other advanced countries. We produce most of what we consume.

True, we imported nearly $2.8 trillion of goods and services last year, but we also exported almost $2.3 trillion. As a share of the $18 trillion economy, the deficit was less than 3 percent and about half its 2006 level.

The danger of economic nationalism is that it deludes us into thinking that our problems mainly originate abroad and can be fixed by "tougher" trade policies.

Not so. It's worth recalling that the two largest economic setbacks since World War II were both domestic in origin: the high inflation of the late '70s, peaking at more than 13 percent (caused by easy money); and the 2008-09 financial crisis (caused by reckless financial speculation).

Although the United States should pursue its economic interests, it's doubtful that trade concessions will cure chronic trade deficits. These mainly reflect the dollar's role as the major international money for trade and international investment.

Demand for dollars by foreigners raises the currency's value, putting U.S. producers at a competitive disadvantage in global markets. This is unfair to American factories and farms, but the alternative - ruining the dollar through high inflation or exchange controls - would be worse.

Trade remains foreign policy. It's true that today's circumstances are very different from those after World War II. But the basic reality endures: Who we trade with and how is an expression of national purpose and power.

Trump is wrong to reject the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which would encourage trade between the United States and other Pacific-rim countries, creating an alternative to a China-dominated system.

Perhaps Trump's economic nationalism is rhetorical bluff, intended to improve his bargaining position in negotiations.

Or perhaps not. Down that path lies protectionism, isolationism, more trade conflicts and threatened economic growth. It would redefine America's relationship with the world.

Terry Jarrett: A fair chance to make coal cleaner (Daily Mail) http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0403/161209790 DM0403 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/DM0403/161209790 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500

As the recent election cycle demonstrated, American politics is beset with a number of polarizing issues.

Among the most obvious has been the debate over coal. Where Hillary Clinton favored renewable energy at the expense of the coal industry, Donald Trump has promised to launch a coal renaissance. This "either/or" schism overlooks a larger point, though, since technological advances could eventually lead to coal - and the tens of thousands of jobs it supports - playing a key role in the clean-energy transformation of the 21st century.

Before this is even possible, however, government policy must find a middle course that balances costs with reasonable goals. Roughly 200 U.S. coal plants have closed in recent years, due in part to burdensome regulations that failed to adequately assess job losses.

Ironically, President Barack Obama may have offered a helpful solution back in 2008 when he first suggested, "If technology allows us to use coal in a clean way, we should pursue it. That I think is the right approach."

Regrettably, the president never followed through on the possibility of making coal cleaner. And that's unfortunate since advanced technologies have made extraordinary progress in recent years, leading to coal emissions that are now 90 percent cleaner than 30 years ago.

And thanks to pilot programs in Mississippi, Texas and Saskatchewan, this same scientific prowess is also beginning to allow for the capture of coal's carbon dioxide emissions.

Given the right investment, such technology could become a game-changer. In fact, the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has suggested that meeting climate targets for this century could actually be impossible without successful carbon capture development.

It's noteworthy that America has long benefited from a diverse mix of power sources, and electricity generation anchored by coal currently saves consumers roughly $90 billion annually according to IHS Energy Consulting. Imagine, then, if the United States could move forward with the affordable, abundant power that coal provides - and without the carbon emissions that have hung a question mark over the future of the world economy.

Instead of consigning coal to the scrap heap - and triggering mass unemployment that would necessitate tens of billions of dollars in federal aid to coal country residents - Washington should focus on efforts to make coal more environmentally friendly.

Such a responsible path forward would require combined action from both industry and government. But the development of such advanced technologies could establish America as a global leader while also benefiting a developing world already banking heavily on coal.

It's clear that America will need abundant power generation in the years to come. And since the United States possesses the world's largest reserves of coal, it makes sense to incorporate coal as part of a diverse energy mix that also includes natural gas, renewables and nuclear power.

Americans want energy solutions that continue to use and explore advanced technologies. And so, there are obvious advantages to incorporating cleaner coal along with the jobs and revenue that such technology could support.

The advanced coal technologies under development today continue a decades-long trend of reducing emissions and increasing efficiency at coal power plants.

Thus, the effort to make coal cleaner should be part of an all-of-the-above strategy for clean energy in the 21st century. The world's growing need for energy, and America's own reliance on a diverse energy supply, argue strongly for such a path forward.

Terry Jarrett is an energy attorney and consultant and a former commissioner on the Missouri Public Service Commission.

Letter: Green Bank Observatory oasis can't be replicated http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0406/161209791 GZ0406 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0406/161209791 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Green Bank Observatory oasis can't be replicated


I would like to have a moment to respond to the unfortunate consideration of the closing of the Green Bank Observatory in Pocahontas County, West Virginia.

Since its construction in 1956, a symbiotic relationship has developed between the surrounding community and the GBO. The establishment of The Quiet Zone around the Green Bank Radio Telescopes has created an oasis of tranquility in the already peaceful and serene setting of the Monongahela National Forest which, of course, is within Almost Heaven, West Virginia.

This amazing resource cannot be replicated.

The projects with which GBO have been an integral part range from working with students from multiple universities, teachers from surrounding areas, researchers scanning the skies, to communicating with space-bound vehicles. There are also multiple pieces of equipment that are unique to GBO, as well as the location's being remarkable. Packing up these sensitive instruments and carting them elsewhere, just isn't a feasible option.

Many West Virginia students regard field trips to Green Bank as a highlight of their school years. My own children have visited multiple times, with my oldest daughter expressing the desire since age 6, to "help live on Mars." Now that my daughters are in young adulthood, I had expected the next generation would be raised visiting such magnificent places as the Green Bank Observatory who would continue to inspire such aspirations.

I realize that priorities and fundings shift over time. However, being able to look - and to listen - towards the future must be preserved. Given the ongoing investments, not only by the National Science Foundation, but by the people of the state of West Virginia as well, the return on this investment must be honored for those who currently populate this planet as well as those who will be sent forward to that future.

Sonja Phillips


Letter: 'Minorities' omission makes statement inclusive http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0406/161209792 GZ0406 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0406/161209792 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 'Minorities' omission makes statement inclusive


The Gazette's November op-ed by David M. Fryson, vice president for the West Virginia University Division of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, called for civility, mutual respect and unity in the aftermath of our recent brutal, divisive election.

Fryson noted his WVU division "has been charged with ensuring all of our students, faculty and staff are not subjected to any level of harassment based upon race, religion, gender and gender identification, sexual orientation, and national origin."

That statement omits the term "minorities." More importantly, so did Fryson's whole article. I believe that is significant and worth thought. The quoted statement is inclusive and provides all people with the same protection. It does not by implication exclude members of "the majority" or "white majority," however those might be defined.

Before reading that article, I had not been aware that, even though I am a socially liberal white Democrat, I seem to have a subconscious negative reaction to being excluded by the term minorities. That term sets up a definite them and us conflict. Fryson's article did not do that.

Perhaps eliminating that limiting qualifier more often might ease both conscious and subconscious negative reactions some people may harbor and lessen racial tensions. Food for thought.

It is fitting and proper that the university and all our laws and institutions protect all people from harassment based on those enumerated factors.

I appreciate Fryson's choice of words.

Roland Huson


Gazette editorial: Anger is common; what you do with it is what counts http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0404/161209793 GZ0404 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0404/161209793 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 The Germans have a word, "Wutbürger," or "angry citizen," Jochen Bittner wrote in the New York Times before the U.S. election.

Bittner, political editor for the weekly newspaper Die Zeit, said it comes as close as anything to framing the current political moment.

Anger marks voters from both ends of the political spectrum in many Western democracies, Bittner wrote, whether they are complaining about a new train station, the Greek bailout or Syrian refugees.

But that's not new. German economist Karl Marx, French political philosopher Montesquieu, British anti-slave trader William Wilbeforce and American civil rights leader the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., were all angry, reform-minded citizens. What you do with your anger is what counts.

"Anger works like gasoline," Bittner wrote. "If you use it intelligently and in a controlled manner, you can move the world. That's called progress. Or you just spill it about and ignite it, creating spectacular explosions. That's called arson."

Unfortunately, he said, populist leaders in Europe and America today are squandering their people's anger. They have not learned the difference between righteous anger for change and anger used only for hate.


At the West Virginia Book Festival in October, celebrated fantasy writer Patrick Rothfuss told a crowd of adoring fans that anger is easy, much easier than love, and it seems to feel good in the moment. But anger doesn't fix anything, he said:

"It's dark magic, folks. It's not good for you. It's not healthy. If you habituate anger and rage in your life, what it does is it teaches you that this good-feeling thing is the right thing to do, and that stops you from realizing that people who think other things are still people and they have reasons. Maybe their reasons are not your reasons. Maybe they're misinformed. But here's the trick, right? Here's the secret: Maybe you are misinformed."


Certainly much has been written about anger and the 2016 U.S. election, anger about vanishing economic opportunities, changing social mores, real and perceived unfairness. The presidential race - with one candidate winning the popular vote and the other candidate winning the electoral college - clearly highlighted some sharp divisions in the country.

At least one division was caught by a Census Bureau report earlier this fall: Income gains were spread across nearly all age groups, household types, regions and races - but not for households living outside metropolitan areas.

Justin Fox, who writes about business for Bloomberg View, looked back to 1994 and found the median household income of Americans outside of metropolitan areas has averaged about 77 percent of the median household income of their big-city counterparts (when amounts are adjusted for inflation).

In 2014, non-metro household income had risen to 81 percent of median income in metropolitan areas. But in 2015, it dropped to 75 percent.

"Maybe that 2015 drop will turn out to mean something, or maybe the percentage will just keep oscillating around a pretty flat trend line, as it has for decades," he wrote.


Meanwhile, Brookings Institution researchers discovered Hillary Clinton "won the economy." Consider: Clinton won fewer than 500 counties across the country, but those counties accounted for 64 percent of the nation's economic activity in 2015, said a Washington Post story that appeared in the Nov. 26 Gazette-Mail.

Donald Trump, by contrast, won more than 2,600 counties that generated only 36 percent of the nation's economic activity.

"Clinton, in other words, carried nearly two-thirds of the American economy," the story said.

Compare that to the last candidate to win the popular vote but lose the electoral college, Democrat Al Gore in 2000. Gore won counties representing about 54 percent of the country's economy, and won at least 100 counties more than Clinton did.

"In between those elections, U.S. economic activity has grown increasingly concentrated in large, 'superstar' metro areas, such as Silicon Valley and New York," the Post said.

"This is a picture of a very polarized and increasingly concentrated economy," Brookings' Mark Muro told the Post, "with the Democratic base aligning more to that more concentrated modern economy, but a lot of votes and anger to be had in the rest of the country."


All these thinkers shed light on different aspects of forces at work in peoples lives -white rural anger that swayed the U.S. election, anger in reaction to the election, and anger that influences the political decisions and contests throughout the West.

E.J. Dionne Jr.: The new politics of fear (Gazette) http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0404/161209794 GZ0404 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0404/161209794 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 PARIS - French Socialist President Francois Hollande knew which way the winds were blowing. His announcement last week that he would not seek re-election was a response to record-breaking unpopularity. But it also reflects weaknesses haunting the left and center-left throughout the democratic world.

Donald Trump's victory may thus be only a particularly alarming portent for moderate progressives who, less than two decades ago, were confidently on the march.

Now, the radicalization of the right threatens the consensual welfare state capitalism that gave the West decades of relative social peace and prosperity. France is the latest example, and a dramatic one.

If there is one taken-for-granted assumption in French political life, it is that Marine Le Pen, the candidate of the far right National Front, will find her way into the runoff in next year's presidential election. The first round will be held in April, the second, between the top two finishers in May.

But the surprise, at least to much of the media and political class, was the victory of Francois Fillon in the November primaries for the country's main center-right party, the Republicans.

Fillon, a traditionalist Catholic, is a critic of multiculturalism and what he sees as Muslim encroachment on French identity. He routed former President Nicolas Sarkozy and the favorite, former prime minister Alain Juppe.

Juppe was the moderate in the group, and a significant number of Socialist Party supporters crossed into the other side's contest to help him.

They hoped if the country eventually faced a center-right versus far-right choice in the general election runoff - that's the betting line now - the former would be at least acceptable to them. But after Sarkozy was eliminated, Fillon defeated Juppe in a landslide.

This parlous choice gave the already done-for Hollande an excellent reason to announce he would not seek re-election.

"As a Socialist, because that's my life's commitment, I cannot accept, I cannot resign myself, to a scattering of the left, to its breaking up," Hollande declared Thursday night. "Because that would take away all hope of winning against conservatism, and even worse, against extremism."

Well, yes, but the French left is already in pieces. It faces not only divisions but also subdivisions within its divisions.

Emmanuel Macron, 38, quit Hollande's Cabinet to form a new centrist political movement built around modernizing French politics and embracing economic openness. He is in a long line of politicians - going back to the center-left heyday of Bill Clinton and Tony Blair - who have positioned themselves against both the traditional left and right.

"I want to unite the French, I'm not reaching out to the left or the right, I'm reaching out to the French," he said in a television interview.

Polls suggest Macron may be able to appeal to some of the same anti-system feeling that is motivating votes for the far right. Still, his Third Way politics are more in keeping with the prosperous and optimistic 1990s than with our gloomier and more nationalistic moment.

And with Hollande out of the race, Macron could find himself challenged for votes from the moderate left by another political modernizer from inside the Socialist Party, Prime Minister Manuel Valls.

The splintering on the progressive side goes further still. Outside the Socialist Party, Jean-Luc Melenchon is running as the champion of the harder left. Arnaud Montebourg, the former Economics Minister, comes from the Socialist Party's own left wing, pushing for protectionism to battle "the excesses of globalization."

Hollande's withdrawal creates a sense of at least remote possibility among socialists. Their primary in January will likely feature Valls, Montebourg and possibly others. But its winner could still hemorrhage votes to Macron in the center and Melenchon on the left.

Every country has its particularities. Hollande's problems were personal as well as ideological: Even his own political base came to see him as hapless and indecisive. But the center-left's troubles and the hardening of opinion on the right reflect the rise of a politics of fear across so many of the democracies, including the United States.

Its elements include fear of the impact of globalization on the living standards of the working class, fear of immigration and the dilution of national identity, and fear of terrorism.

A center-left that once thrived on a politics of hope must either come to terms with these fears or actively push back against them. It is divided because it cannot decide which strategy is more promising - and which is more in keeping with its values.

E.J. Dionne is a columnist for

The Washington Post.

Mom stressed by one child should not try for another http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ05/161209807 GZ05 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ05/161209807 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Dear Abby: My daughter asked me if she should have another child, and based on what I have observed with her first, I definitely feel she shouldn't. I want a polite way to respond without hurting her feelings, but can't find the words.

She loves her child, but loses patience quickly. She can't handle it when her 2-year-old whines or cries. Sometimes she needs to leave the house. Can you help? - Definitely Not in Oregon

Dear Definitely Not: Every parent feels this way sometimes. That's why God invented grandparents and baby sitters. However, if you feel your daughter can't handle the stress, be honest with her and tell her why you have "concerns.''

Dear Abby: My daughter has been friends with twin girls for several years. Their parents are divorced, and we've always known that money is tight in their family. We invite them over to eat as often as we can, and they know our home is their home and a safe place.

The girls are now all applying to colleges, but the twins have repeatedly expressed concern that they don't have enough money to pay the ACT submission fees or the college submission fees. They are both working long hours and trying to save money for college.

We are in a position to help them submit these applications, but don't know how to approach the topic. We are not close with either of their parents. Most important, we don't want to risk a parent telling the girls they can't spend time at our home. How can we help? - Enough to Share

Dear Enough to Share: You are generous and compassionate to want to do this. Because the girls spend so much time at your home, it's likely their parents already know their daughters are friendly with your family. I do not think it would be offensive if you were to call the parents and make the offer. If they are reluctant to accept, you could propose it as a "loan'' that can be repaid after the girls graduate.

Dear Abby: My father-in-law died a couple of months ago, and since then my mother-in-law insists that one of her kids spend the night with her. She told them that "people'' have told her she should not spend a night alone for at least a year.

This is causing grief and bitterness because my husband has explained to her that when he stayed the first two weeks, he left me at home alone, and it was time she started facing things and move on.

What are the obligations of the children when a parent dies? His mother doesn't need them financially. Are we being too hard on her, or does she need to seek help with moving on? We are afraid that if she keeps this up, she's going to push herself into an early grave or drive her kids away. - Tired of Sleeping Alone

Dear Tired: My deepest sympathy to your mother-in-law for her loss, but it is not the responsibility of an adult child to leave his (or her) spouse to sleep with Mama for a year. A week or two, perhaps - but certainly not a year.

His mother should talk to her clergyperson or doctor about joining a grief support group to help her through this difficult time. And if she's afraid to be alone in the house - and she's an animal lover - a solution to that could be for her to adopt a dog from an animal rescue organization.

Dear Abby is written by Abigail Van Buren, also known as Jeanne Phillips, and was founded by her mother, Pauline Phillips. Contact Dear Abby at www.DearAbby.com or P.O. Box 69440, Los Angeles, CA 90069.

Vintage West Virginia: Montgomery http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ1601/161209809 GZ1601 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ1601/161209809 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Each Sunday and Monday, Vintage West Virginia provides of glimpse of the past in the Mountain State.

Bulletin Board: Dec. 5, 2016 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0120/161209812 GZ0120 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0120/161209812 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Mountaineer Montessori School, 308 20th Street, will present its annual book fair and food/bake sale from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Wednesday and Thursday at the school. The event will feature seasonal and international dishes and holiday treats prepared by MMS middle school students and volunteers along with a selection books and gift items from Taylor Books. The bake/food sale and book fair supports the MMS "In Living Color" campaign, which funds financial aid, teacher training and specialty programs at the school. For more information, please call 304-342-7870.

Tree light ceremony

Kanawha County Parks and Recreation will host its annual Tree Lighting Ceremony at 5:30 p.m. Thursday at the Coonskin Clubhouse. Santa Claus will arrive at Coonskin Park from 6 to 8:30 p.m. Thursday through Saturday. Hoppy's Little Express will also offer rides from 5:30 to 9:30 p.m. Thursday through Saturday.

Ornament workshop

There will be a Hospice Kids Ornament Workshop to make an ornament in honor of a special person they lost this year at 6:30 p.m. Dec. 15 at 1606 Kanawha Blvd. To register, call 304-768-8523.

Items for Bulletin Board may be submitted by mail to the Charleston Gazette-Mail, 1001 Virginia St. E., Charleston, WV 25301; faxed to 304-348-1233; or emailed to gazette@wvgazettemail.com. Notices will be run one time free. Please include a contact person's name and a daytime phone number.

Gazette cartoon: December 5, 2016 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0408/161209900 GZ0408 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0408/161209900 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500

Innerviews: At 98, 'just a housewife' looks back on her laborious life http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0107/161209920 GZ0107 http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/GZ0107/161209920 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Sandy Wells By Sandy Wells She calls herself "just a housewife." Workhorse would be a better word.

Today, in the immaculate brick home she built in 2000, surrounded by every modern amenity, 98-year-old Veval Newhouse reflects on a rugged time when survival hinged on daily labor that would dismay and confound pampered millennials.

She remains in the heart of Grapevine, a section of the Sissonville area that she hasn't left since her birth. Her home today sits next door to the modest white frame house she lived in for 50 years.

She spent most of the years behind her rearing a brood of five and working her fingers, almost literally, to the bone. (A washboard isn't kind to a woman's hands.)

She labored, inside and out, scrubbing and canning and planting and reaping, ignoring the challenges to her petite 5-foot frame.

Finally, she enjoys life. She drives to the hairdresser every Friday, drives to the grocery store, the polls, to church every Sunday.

Embroidery, reflecting her passion for needlework, decorates her home. Thriving trees, shrubs and plants reflect her ongoing love of gardening. Prize-winning ribbons attest to her love of baking, particularly her famous graham cracker pie.

It's called viable longevity, a reward for paying your dues.


"I was born on Grapevine, in the Sissonville area. The house is still there. I lived there a good while then moved to another little house down below there. My dad was a farmer and then got a little job in Charleston for just a little while.

"When we came back out here, the hard road didn't come on out. So they met us in a truck and then we got in an old-time wagon. They put a feather bed and quilts in this wagon and covered us because it was cold and brought us all the way to Grapevine.

"In 1955, we moved to the house next door. I built this house in 2000. I always wanted a new house.

"I met my husband at church. You went to church back then. It was about the only place you had to go.

"I married in 1936, Dec. 19. We moved in with my husband's dad and brother. His mother was gone. I didn't like the idea of living in a house with somebody else. I told my parents I wasn't going to live there any longer. This was about 1938.

"Everything I did was getting ready to go to housekeeping. Back then, they had tip boards. You went around to your neighbors and whatever was under that, they pulled that off and that's what they bought. When you got enough of them you got a premium, like a set of pans or dishes. I did all that.

"We bought feed for the cattle. I took those feed sacks and washed them on the washboard. Four would make a sheet. I made sheets and dishtowels and embroidered them. I wanted everything to look pretty. I used the feed sacks for the lining.

"Mom and Dad had a nice cellar house they had built, just one room, and Dad said we could move into it. We didn't have any furniture except the bed where my husband had peddled and bought for $3. My dad bought us a stove for $15.

"My dad's brother-in-law was a carpenter and made us a table. Dad bought us chairs and a rocking chair, and we went to housekeeping in that cellar house. We had the bed, table and chairs, the stove and an old sewing machine.

"There was some drilling back then, and my parents got a gas well, so they bought a farm and moved to Ohio and let us move into their house. After about a year, we bought the house for $1,000.

"I had six brothers and two sisters. They're all gone. They all moved to Ohio and left me here by myself. Ohio is a pretty place, but I like West Virginia.

"Five of my brothers died of cancer. My mother had cancer, but it didn't kill her. There is cancer through all my relations. Three of my children have had cancer. I don't know why I'm so lucky. One brother got run over in Ohio. My sister, Reval, and I were two years apart. Of the eight of us, I'm the only one left.

"I went to school in Upper Grapevine, a one-room schoolhouse. Then they built a two-room school down the hill, and that's where I finished up, eighth grade. There was no money hardly and mud roads and water, and there wasn't a bus, so I couldn't go any farther. I liked school and I hated to see it over in the spring.

"Thanksgiving was when they butchered the hogs. And the meat kept. I canned everything I could, even wild greens. You didn't make one kettle of apple butter; you made two because you didn't know if you'd have apples the next year.

"I smoked apples and made kraut, pickled corn and salt pickles. Nothing went to waste. You made homemade soap. You'd take the entrails of the hog to the creek and wash them. You had lye and used that to make homemade soap.

"We burned wood for a long time and finally got gas. The way the old house was, my mother would stick rags and things in the wall spaces. It was just an old Jenny Lind house.

"My husband was working at Carbide. When they would tear down a building, they would give him wallboards and he would bring it home and put it up on the walls and I painted it. He was painting the ceiling one day and the paint would run down his arms. I told him to get down. I did all the painting.

"I did about everything a man did. I worked in the garden. You could raise anything on our farm. Grapes, plums. We had orchards.

"Where my daughter owns now is the best place to plant sweet potatoes. My husband plowed the ground. I made the ridge, set out the potatoes, fertilized them, hoed them and dug them. I have dug seven bushels there. He would carry them in.

"If these young people today would have to go back and do what I did, I believe a lot of them would commit suicide. They wouldn't know what to do.

"Washboards were rough. Young people today, they wouldn't know how to wring out the clothes. I got my first washing machine in the '40s, a big old round one with a small agitator. They were scarce because there was a war going on. It didn't get them clean, but it helped. What didn't get clean, I would put in a washtub and use the washboard. But the machine was really good at rinsing them.

"Later on, I got a machine with a wringer on it, and I caught my hand on it once. I just turned it backward and let it come out. I read where one woman caught her hair in it and it killed her. They're dangerous. But it was progress. It was great.

"You had clotheslines. It would be so cold. I would put the clothes in a big dishpan and carry them out and hang out a few and the others would freeze, and you'd have to bring them back in to thaw and go out and hang out some more.

"You dug wells. Ours was up above the house. I would draw water from that. Sometimes you would lose a bucket in it. And you had hooks to get it out. We would carry the water to the smokehouse to warm it over a wood fire. It was rough living, but you didn't really realize it like you would today.

"I worked all the time. When my husband got up early and had to walk to catch his ride and the kids weren't in school, I quilted before daylight.

"People didn't travel. Sometimes I didn't hardly see anyone for a month. It was almost like being in prison. You might see someone walking to the country store or to go blow the drip on the gas well.

"We had gas lights or lamp oil. The oil back then cost 5 cents a quart. The country store carried about everything.

"Otherwise you made do or did without. I'm glad I know about all this, but I'd hate to go back.

"I was about 50 when I started driving. I didn't want to drive, but I started thinking if something happened to my husband, I would be closed in.

"The car I have now is a 2000. It has about 60,000 miles on it. I went to vote. I'm probably the only one around here who voted. I go to church on Sunday. I go get my hair fixed on Friday and go to the grocery store. I never was the running-around type.

"My husband died in 2000, Jan. 4. He worked at Carbide and got that disease from asbestos.

"I've never been on a plane, and I don't want to fly. I want to stay on the ground. I don't care anything about leaving West Virginia. It's too dangerous now.

"I don't have a cell phone. I'm old-fashioned. When we got a phone, it was a party line and you couldn't hardly get it at all. One woman who lived close had a little business and stayed on that line. I'd want the phone and she'd say, 'You just hold your taters.' My husband threatened to take it out because we couldn't use it.

"I didn't know anything about things being easier. I was just a housewife. I never worked. I just stayed home and took care of the kids and worked like a slave. You didn't have time for fun. You were too busy working.

"In the middle of January 1932 at a revival, I got saved. It was a good feeling. Your mind is out of this world. They would call us at the last, and you would go up and stand in a row. They were lined up all the way across.

"I went up there and stood and shook like a leaf. I was 14. I thought I would die if something didn't happen. My grandmother came up and said, 'Look up; the blessing comes down.' And I looked up, and that was it. I wasn't afraid of nobody then. I was backward back then, but not that night.

"I go to the Goldtown Community Church in Jackson County. It's about 20 miles away. I go every Sunday if the snow's not too deep.

"They asked me at the bank one day what I had done to live so long. Vinegar is good for a lot of things. I take a teaspoon of honey and a teaspoon of vinegar and a glass of water every night before I go to bed.

"I work in my flowers. I think that's good for you. I set out all these trees. I reset a crepe myrtle yesterday and got two more coming and two roses to reset and that's about it."

Reach Sandy Wells at sandyw@wvgazette.com or 304-342-5027.

Lorraine Friend http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059988 OBIT http://www.wvgazettemail.com/article/20161205/OBIT/312059988 Mon, 5 Dec 2016 00:01:00 -0500 Lorraine Friend, 91, died December 3, 2016, after a long illness. She was surrounded by her family and was cared for lovingly by the staff of Dunbar Center.

She was born Louise Lorraine Flint to Rosa (McTheny) and Coy Flint on December 12, 1924, in Braxton County. She was married for 68 years to Odbert Noel "Bert" Friend, who preceded her in death on December 29, 2014. In addition to her parents and husband, she was preceded in death by brothers and sisters, Bacil, Maxine, Eugene, Kenneth, Charles, Wilma, Anne, and Kay.

She attended Gassaway High School and married Bert on July 15, 1946. Lorraine and Bert lived in Frametown, Braxton County, until they moved with their sons, Rod and Terry, to Charleston in 1959. They settled in the Sugar Creek community and stayed there for nearly 50 years. The couple later moved to South Charleston before entering skilled nursing care. Lorraine was retired from Kanawha County Schools, where she worked as a reading aide at several elementaries, including Woodlawn, Sugar Creek, Edison, and Bridgeview.

She was a lifelong Methodist and member of Greenlee United Methodist Church from 1959 until it merged into Canaan United Methodist Church. She served as church treasurer for more than 30 years as well as a Sunday school teacher, volleyball player, and youth leader. She was a long-serving member of the Women's Society of Christian Service, now called United Methodist Women, and spent many nights in the church kitchen helping with covered-dish dinners. She was also a skilled quilter and spent many happy afternoons in a quilting circle with her friends.

She was the oldest daughter and matriarch of her family, helping to care for her younger siblings and their children. She stayed close to her family in Braxton County after she moved to Charleston, returning to the family farm as often as she could to help care for her parents. She continued to organize annual family reunions for many years.

She was a beloved mother and grandmother, kind and gentle. She kept her kitchen stocked with chocolate milk and Fruit Loops and made sure to serve chocolate fudge and cherry pie because she knew her grandchildren liked them - and because she had a sweet tooth.

In addition to her sons, she is survived by her daughters-in-law, Nanya Friend and Kathy Friend; grandchildren Kara Moore and husband T.W., Loren Farmer and husband Michael, Keith Friend, and Brian Friend; and great-grandchildren Lydia and Meredith Moore. She is also survived by three brothers-in-law, Dale Dennison, Charlie Mathey, and Bob Wolfe; one sister-in-law, Jean Flint; and many beloved nieces and nephews.

Service will be 1 p.m. Wednesday, December 7, at Christ Church United Methodist, 1221 Quarrier Street, Charleston, with the Rev. Steve Rhodes officiating. Interment will follow at Tyler Mountain Memory Gardens Mausoleum. Friends may call for one hour prior to the service at the church. Barlow Bonsall Funeral Home is handling arrangements.

In lieu of flowers, the family suggests donations to the Bob Burdette Center, 1401 Washington Street, West, Charleston, WV 25387.